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Warm Season Turf Varieties

CAVALIER was released by Texas A & M University in 1996/97. CAVALIER is a variety of Zoysia matrella, has white stigmas, absence of leaf blade hairs, resistant to fall armyworm and a distinct DNA fingerprint. It has rhizome and stolon growth. Leaf blades are rolled in the bud, and are flat and stiff. Leaf blade length ranges from 58.9 to 60.7 mm and from 1.33 to 1.79 mm in width. The ligule is a row of silky hairs, approximately 2.1 mm in length on the longest hairs. It is fine-textured high density turf, with long slender leaves noted specifically for high quality, uniformity of appearance, and distinct summer presentation. It has excellent shade tolerance, moderate to low water use, and good salt tolerance. US PLANT PATENT (PP10,778, Feb 2, 1999). Variety Producers
CELEBRATION™ is owned by Sod Solutions, Inc. Leaf color is dark blue-green, a hybrid bermudagrass (Cynodon dactylon) . It has a very prostrate growth habit. Leaf width averages 1.7 mm, leaf length averages 8 mm, and internode length is 13.6 mm. Internode diameter is 1.3 mm. Stolon color is red/purple. A very small number of seed heads are produced (average number of seed heads are 0.2/100 square centimeters). It is tolerant of light to moderate shade. US PLANT PATENT NUMBER 11,181 ('RILEY'S SUPER SPORT', 2000). Variety Producers
EL TORO was developed by the University of California - Riverside. It is a variety of Zoysia japonica. It is an upright-growing variety with dark-green color. It has a medium-width blade. It has excellent shade, drought, and salt tolerance, with good resistance to diseases and insects. El Toro has aggressive growth and performs well in Piedmont and Coastal Plain soil types. US PLANT PATENT (PP5,845). Variety Producers
EMERALD was released by the USDA and the Georgia Agricultural Station in 1955. It is a variety of Zoysia japonica with a dark green color, very fine leaf texture, good shade tolerance, high root density, and low growth habit. It has less winter hardiness but more shade tolerance than Meyer Zoysia. Internode length is 18-25 mm, has internode diameter of 2.5 - 3.5 mm and a leaf width of 1.9 - 2.1 mm. Variety Producers
EMPIRE™ is a variety of Zoysia japonica, owned by Sod Solutions, Inc. It has dark-green color and open growth habit. Leaf width is 4.7 - 5.5 mm, leaf length is 120 - 140 mm, and internode length is 30 - 35 mm. It has moderate to good shade tolerance, excellent salt tolerance, and good drought tolerance. Its use is for lawns (residential, commercial, sports, and parks) and performs well in sandy and clay soil. US PLANT PATENT (PP11,466) (Zoysia variety 'SS 500'). Variety Producers
JAMUR is a newly discovered asexually reproduced variety of zoysiagrass plant, perennial, having a superior rate of spreading with texture improved over common zoysiagrass, superior turf grass quality regarding compactness and low degree of thatch, and slightly darker than average green color. US PLANT PATENT (PP 13178). Variety Producers
LATITUDE 36 is a hybrid bermudagrass (Cynodon dactylon) owned and licensed by Sod Solutions, Inc. Latitude 36 is a vegetatively propagated variety of bermudagrass. It has exceptional turf quality with a fine texture. It has improved winter hardiness, with a high sod density, and a very high sod tensile strength. Variety Producers
MEYER was released by USDA-ARS in 1951. It is an improved strain of Zoysia japonica also known as Meyer Z-52 zoysia. It is dense, has a dark green color, medium texture, good disease resistance and more cold tolerant than most zoysia varieties. Variety Producers
NORTHBRIDGE is a hybrid bermudagrass (Cynodon dactylon) owned and licensed by Sod Solutions, Inc. Northbridge is a vegetatively propagated variety of bermudagrass. It has a high turf quality with a fine texture. It has improved winter hardiness with an early greenup, with a high sod density, and a very high sod tensile strength. Variety Producers
PREMIER It is marketed as Premier Pro. Premier is a perennial plant that spreads by rhizomes and stolons and produces a dense fine textured turfgrass. The inflorescence of ‘Premier’ is a panicle, with branches originating from a common center. The leaf blade has a fold in the bud, slightly concave surface versus Tifgreen and Tifway, both of which have flat leaves. Adaxial leaf surface have very few, short hairs versus Tifway with many. Leaf sheath pubescence is present with very short hairs versus Tifgreen with none. Leaf blade veins are obscure. Leaf blade flexibility (softness) is stiff versus the softer Tifgreen. Premier was discovered under cultivated conditions in a golf course fairway near Seal Beach, Calif. It has a darker green leaf color and finer leaf texture than that of the suspected parent ‘Tifgreen’. US PLANT PATENT (PP18,247) license required to propagate. Variety Producers
RALEIGH St. Augustinegrass was released by the North Carolina Agricultural Research Service in 1980. It has good cold-hardiness and is highly resistant to St. Augustine Decline (a virus disease). Raleigh is tolerant of moderate to heavy shade. It is a vigorous medium green plant with medium internode length and diameter, moderately long leaf of narrow width. Raleigh is moderately susceptible to chinch bugs, powdery mildew and gray leafspot. Variety Producers
SAPPHIRE™ St. Augustinegrass was released by Sod Solutions, Inc., developed by an Australian turfgrass breeder Todd Layt. It has a fast growth habit, blue-green color, purple stolon color and long leaf blade that is highly infolded giving the appearance of a finer texture. Internode length is 48.6 mm, has a leaf width of 6.4 mm, and a leaf length of 20.2 mm. Internode color is brown with predominant yellow-green. US PLANT PATENT PENDING. Variety Producers
TIFBLAIR was released exclusively to The Turfgrass Group, Inc. from USDA ARS and Georgia Agricultural Experiment Station in 1995. It is a variety of centipedegrass (Eremochloa ophiuroides), the first seed-propagated commercial cultivar with a known pedigree. It has leaf color similar to common centipedegrass. Leaf width (5.9 mm) and length (70.2 mm) is similar to common centipedegrass. Tifblair grows more rapidly, with more vigor, better quality, and more cold tolerance when compared to common centipedegrass in clay loam soils with low pH values (5.0 or lower). It produces more stolons that grow faster and have more leaves in comparison with common centipedegrass. US PROTECTED VARIETY - 1994 PVPA. Variety Producers
TIFDWARF is a hybrid bermudagrass with dark green color; basic plant color turns purple with near-freezing temperatures. It has a smaller leaves and stems and shorter internodes when compared to Tifgreen. It tolerates closer mowing and makes a better putting surface than Tifgreen, but otherwise, it is similar to Tifgreen. Its uses are golf greens and very fine, closely mowed lawns. Variety Producers
TIFGRAND was released by by Dr. Wayne Hanna and Dr. Kris Braman, professors at the University of Georgia in 2009. It was released with exclusive licensing granted to The Turfgrass Group, Inc. of Fort Valley, Georgia. TifGrand is a dense fine leaf warm season turf grass with significantly more shade tolerance thriving in 60-70% continuous shade. TifGrand has a naturally dark green color with superior quality in full sun. It has excellent tawny mole cricket resistance and requires lower fertilizer (nitrogen) and water inputs than some other warm season grasses. The variety is patented and unauthorized propagation is not permitted. The variety may only be sold by licensed producers and is available only as a certified grass. US PLANT PATENT. Variety Producers
TIFSPORT (Tift 94) was released by the USDA-ARS and licensed exclusively to the University of Georgia Research Foundation (UGARF) for commercialization. Tifsport (Tift 94) is a hybrid bermudagrass. It was selected for tolerance to close mowing, turf quality, mole cricket non-preference and greenup characteristics. It is more winter hardy than Tifway or Tifway II and maintains its green color later into the fall, but initiates regrowth later in the spring. US PLANT PATENT (PP10,079). Variety Producers
TIFT 10 was collected by GW Burton in 1974 in Shanghai, China and released by the Georgia Coastal Plain Experiment Station and USDA-ARS. It is a vegetative introduction. TIFT 10 is vegetatively propagated, sheds pollen, but produces few seeds. Foliage is coarse textured with a natural dark bluish-green color; stolons are dark purple with one to three inch internodes. It establishes rapidly. It is suited for lawns, roughs, roadsides, and low traffic-athletic fields. Variety Producers
TIFTUF (DT-1) was released by UGA in 2015. It is a vegetatively propagated hybrid bermudagrass that was developed. The variety has an exclusive license granted to New Concepts Turf. It has the same leaf characteristics as Tifway but has a lighter green color than Tifway and Celebration. Tiftuf has an earlier green up similar to Tifsport and retains color and sod quality longer in stressed environments. Tiftuf has a faster growth rate compared to Tifway and Tifsport but cover more slowly than Celebration. Color retention during fall dormancy for Tiftuf is usually greater than Tifway and Tifsport. Tiftuf is patent protected and will only be able to be sold as a Certified Class of Sod. Variety Producers
TIFWAY was released by the Georgia Coastal Plain Experiment Station. Tifway (Tifton 419) Bermuda is a hybrid between common Bermuda and African Bermuda. It is an aggressive, disease resistant, dark-green Bermuda particularly suited for golf tees, fairways, lawns and similar uses. Variety Producers
ZEON is a variety of Zoysia matrella. It has a deep green color and is a very lush variety of zoysiagrass. It has a fine texture and is compatible with a wide range of soil conditions. It can handle full sun or light to medium shade. It has good drought tolerance and very few insect or disease problems. US PROTECTED VARIETY – 1994 PVPA. Variety Producers
ZORRO was released by Texas A&M University. It is a variety of Zoysia matrella that is distinguished from other zoysiagrasses by its fine texture, high rhizome and tiller density, moderate drought tolerance, shade tolerance, rapid regrowth and recovery from damage. It performs well in full sun or moderate to heavy shade in the southern United States. Zorro has hunting billbug, Fall Army worm, and brown patch resistance. US PROTECTED VARIETY – 1994 PVPA. Variety Producers
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